Why do I have a black tooth?

A black tooth is a clear signal that the tooth is devitalized, this means that the tooth pulp and nerve are dead.

A tooth turns black when it loses blood flow. Therefore, a black tooth is weaker than a healthy tooth, so as time passes the tooth starts darkening until hitting a near-black color. That is the reason for the name!

Children are especially prone to suffer several accidents through their childhood, this causes that some of the fracture or damage their dentures, this happens when children hit their denture directly, which causes permanent damage to their dental pieces.

According to statistics data, it is estimated that between 8% to 30% of children under the age of 7 have suffered some kind of denture accident which mainly damage their frontal tooth pieces. Every time they suffer dental trauma, the tooth can turn to a different color pigment, such as pink, gray, blue, black, and more commonly: black.

Some causes for a black tooth can be the following:

  1. Traumatism
    A hit in the denture can cause dental pieces to change their color to any of the specified above. A hard hit can cause fracture, chips, and dents, which can subsequently cause nerve damage and weakening the tooth.
  2. Pulp necrosis
    Sometimes a darkened tooth may be a symptom of pulp necrosis, although it can also be related to other motives such as calcifications or internal bleeding. Pulp necrosis is the total or partial dead of the tooth’s soft tissue which is also known as the pulp. It is also the main cause of bacterial infections since dead tissues get easily infected. The most common cause of pulp necrosis is due to an accident that caused a tooth traumatism. The accident causes blood vessels to bleed inside the tooth, significantly weakening them and causing uncomfortable or even intense pain. As time passes bacteria starts building up in the dead tissues, causing the dental piece to start darkening. Tissues infected by bacteria are toxic and cause gum inflammation.
  3. Deep dental cavities
    It is important to visit your dentist every six months. You also ought to have an annual dental cleaning so you can prevent any mouth/dental problems, such as cavities. Dental cavities can permanently damage your teeth if they are not controlled, they can not only turn them black, you can also end losing your dental pieces!
  4. Black teeth treatment
    There are some options for treating a black tooth. When a black tooth is caused by a traumatism an endodontic followed by a whitening treatment is needed. Furthermore, there are more details to have in considerations, such as if there is a fracture. If the piece is severely damaged sometimes it will be needed to extract and replace the tooth. When there is a deep-rooted cavity, the infection first needs to be controlled by an endodontic treatment as long as the tooth root is intact and the bone has not to be damaged; once there is no more infection, the piece is restored with a porcelain crown.

Where can I be attended?

At Somos Dental we have a great team of experienced dentists and dental care professionals. We have four different locations around the Valley: Downtown, Desert Sky, Mesa, and Camelback. To schedule an appointment call 623-869-1091.

Don’t risk your health, come with the experts.